Research has identified problems with current fixations on number of hours spent in early, specialised training in one sport. Evidence suggests the need for new models of teaching and coaching, to enrich learners before specialisation through provision of diversified experiences in sports and physical activities. Nonlinear Pedagogy and the Athletic Skills Model promote a nuanced balance between specificity of practice and enrichment training to circumvent problems with traditional pedagogical methods. These contemporary models indicate how PE and sport practitioners could (re)design learning and training programmes to enhance skill adaptation, and emotional and cognitive engagement through enrichment and specificity of practice.
New models of teaching and coaching needed in contemporary PE and Sport: The balance between specificity and enrichment